Call, Put, Long, Short, Bull, Bear: Terminology of Option

Bull bear option

Bull bear option

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When you sell a put option with the intention to buy it back later for a lower price, you have a short put position. Your directional bias concerning the underlying is bullish, as the underlying stock going up makes the option you want to buy back cheaper, which makes you a profit.

Option Spreads Explained | The Options & Futures Guide

It is useful to get familiar with the right terminology as early as possible. Assuming that you want to learn as much about options as possible in order to become competitive and survive in the markets, you will probably encounter other materials and books about options. Knowing what all the basic terms mean will be necessary for you to understand what it is all about.

What Is A Bull Call Spread? - Fidelity

When you sell a call option with the intention to buy it back later for a lower price, you have a short call position. Your directional bias concerning the underlying stock is bearish, as the underlying stock going down makes the option you want to buy back cheaper, which makes you a profit.

Bull and Bear Spreads in Commodities

The “bull call spread” strategy has other names. It is also known as a “long call spread” and as a “debit call spread.” The term “bull” refers to the fact that the strategy profits with bullish, or rising, stock prices. The term “long” refers to the fact that this strategy is “long the market,” which is another way of saying that it profits from rising prices. Finally, the term “debit” refers to the fact that the strategy is created for a net cost, or net debit.

Bear Spreads Explained | The Options & Futures Guide

Bull call spreads have limited profit potential, but they cost less than buying only the lower strike call. Since most stock price changes are “small,” bull call spreads, in theory, have a greater chance of making a larger percentage profit than buying only the lower strike call. In practice, however, choosing a bull call spread instead of buying only the lower strike call is a subjective decision. Bull call spreads benefit from two factors, a rising stock price and time decay of the short option. A bull call spread is the strategy of choice when the forecast is for a gradual price rise to the strike price of the short call.

Cash dividends issued by stocks have big impact on their option prices. This is because the underlying stock price is expected to drop by the dividend amount on the ex-dividend date.. [Read on.]

Of the four basic option positions, long call and short put are bullish trades, while long put and short call are bearish trades. It may sound confusing in the first moment, but when you think about it for a while and think about how the underlying stock’s price is related to your profit or loss, it becomes very logical and straightforward.

If you are very bullish on a particular stock for the long term and is looking to purchase the stock but feels that it is slightly overvalued at the moment, then you may want to consider writing put options on the stock as a means to acquire it at a discount.. [Read on.]

But in fact the security they really own is the put option. For them to make a profit, the put option must increase in price, so they can sell it for a higher price than for which they have bought it. They are long the put option.

Stock options in the United States can be exercised on any business day, and the holder of a short stock option position has no control over when they will be required to fulfill the obligation. Therefore, the risk of early assignment is a real risk that must be considered when entering into positions involving short options.

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